If you are working from existing furnishings and fabrics or "start from scratch" with an empty room, you should always use the elements and principles of design as a guide in choosing everything. The elements are your tools or raw materials, such as paints are the basics to a painter. Design elements include space, line, form, color and texture. The design principles are on how these elements are used. The principles of design are balance, emphasis, rhythm, proportion and scale, and harmony and unity.
Principle # 1: Balance
visual balance in a room is called balance. It gives a sense of relaxation and a feeling of completion. A well-balanced room gives careful placement of objects according to their visual weight consideration. The elements of line, shape, color and texture all help determine the visual weight of an object, which is the amount of space that seems to occupy. Balance also refers to how and where to position the elements (line, shape, color and texture) within a room. To maintain balance, try to distribute the elements throughout the room.
& bull; Formal balance, often referred to as symmetrical balance, creates a mirror image.
& bull; Informal balance uses different objects of the same visual weight to create equilibrium in a room. And 'more subtle and spontaneous and gives a warmer feeling more casual.
Principle # 2:
influence is the focal point of the room. The focal point should be obvious upon entering the room; This is the area in which it is drawn from his eye. What it is offered as the focus and – a fireplace, artwork or a window treatment framing a beautiful view and – It must be sufficiently emphasized so that everything else leads the eye to the highlighted area. You can add emphasis to a natural focal point or create one in a room through effective use of line, shape, color and texture.
Principle # 3: Rhythm rhythm
provides the discipline that controls the eye as it moves around a room. Rhythm helps the eye to move easily from one object to another and creates a harmony that tells the eye everything in the room belongs to a unified whole. Rhythm is created through repetition of line, form, color or texture. It can also be created through the progression. Progressive rhythm is a gradual increasing or decreasing in size, direction or color.
Principle # 4: Proportion and relationships of scale size
in a room are defined by proportion and scale. Proportion refers to how the elements within an object relate to the object as a whole. Stairs in relation to the size of an object when compared to the size of the space in which it is located.
Principle # 5: Harmony and unity
A well-designed room is a unified whole that encompasses all the other elements and principles of design. The unit guarantees a sense of order. There is a consistency of sizes and shapes, a harmony of color and pattern. The ultimate goal of decorating is to create a room with unity and harmony and a sense of rhythm. Repeating the elements, balancing them throughout the room, and then add a little 'variety, so the room has its own sense of personality accomplishes this. Too much unity can be boring; too much variety can cause a feeling of discomfort. Juggling the elements and principles to get the right mix is the key to a good design.